5 Ways Drugs and Alcohol Affect Your Mental Health

By: Andrew Macia

People with mental health issues like anxiety & depression may self-medicate with drugs or alcohol to reduce their symptoms. But this can lead to addiction

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Have you ever asked yourself what can you do in your daily life to improve your mental health? Believe it or not, this is a very important question to ask.

Our mental health is just as important as our physical health, but unfortunately, we seldom give it the importance and care it deserves. When our body gets sick, we do everything we can to feel better. We try home remedies. We go to the doctor and follow his/her instructions. We stay home and rest.

But when our mind is sick, we try to ignore it and carry on with our lives. We do this even though by not actually giving it the care it needs can only make it worse.

The stigma of mental illness

Mental illness has been a taboo for a very long time. Only recently have people began to speak up about it. However, there is still a stigma around these types of illnesses. Someone with a mental health issue might be scared that people will think of them as crazy, or faking it to get attention, or just weak.

Some people actually think these things about mental illnesses, mainly because they haven’t had access to any trustworthy information about mental health. And since we don’t know much about mental illnesses, we don’t know what we can do to prevent them.

That was my case. I struggled with alcohol and drug addiction ever since I was a teenager into my early adulthood. During my adolescence, I started suffering from anxiety and depression.

Since I didn’t know anything about mental health, I thought I was going crazy. I didn’t understand back then that there was a correlation between my substance abuse and my mental health. I came to realize this when I decided to get clean and my anxiety and depression went away.

I have been sober for nine years now and I have learned a lot about what drugs and alcohol can do to your mind and body.

Here are 5 ways in which drugs and alcohol can affect your mental health.

1. How drugs affect your brain

The brain is the most complex of all body organs. It regulates and coordinates every single process in your body through a communication system in which neurons pass messages back and forth among different structures within your brain and other parts of your body.

Drugs interfere with the way neurons normally send, receive, and process information. Different parts of the brain are affected depending on the type of drug involved.

Though you might feel momentary pleasure from using drugs, sometimes the side effects can be permanent. Some of these effects include impaired learning and cognitive function, memory loss, lack of self-control, among others.

2. How alcohol affects your brain

Just like drugs, alcohol disrupts your brain’s communication system. While alcohol can initially make you feel energized, happy and inhibited, it actually works as a nervous system depressant. You can witness that when after a few drinks, you start having trouble coordinating your movements and speaking fluently.

Alcohol abuse has long-term effects on both your physical and mental health such as liver damage, cancer, cognitive impairment, memory loss, psychosis, anxiety, and depression.

3. How substances affect your memory

Sometimes when you drink too much, the next day, you have trouble remembering some parts of the night. People might even tell you what you said or did, and you still have no recollection whatsoever of these events.

These “blackouts”, as they are often referred to, are an indication that you are drinking too much. Though experiencing one doesn’t mean that your brain cells associated with memory are damaged, frequent heavy drinking can actually damage your memory cells permanently.

4. Relationship between substances and anxiety and depression

There is a two-way relationship between substance addiction and anxiety and depression. Substance abuse can triggers anxiety and depression. And, anxiety and depression can also lead to becoming addicted to drugs and alcohol.

According to the American Psychiatric Association, depression is an illness that causes feelings of deep sadness and loss of interest in activities you used to enjoy. If not treated, it can cause problems in your personal life, relationships, work, or school.

Anxiety is when you frequently have intense, excessive, and persistent worry and fear about everyday situations. These feelings are hard to control and out of proportion to the actual danger.

These illnesses can trigger substance consumption as a way of self-medication in an attempt to feel better. But, in reality, as soon as the effects of the substances pass, the person is usually left feeling bluer than before, which can lead them to consume again and eventually create a dependency.

5. Substances can cause stress

We often use alcohol, sometimes even drugs, to cope with the daily stress in our lives. While there is nothing wrong with having a glass of wine every once in a while after a long day, frequent alcohol and drug consumption as a way of dealing with stress can actually be counterproductive. Even if you feel relaxed for a couple of hours after using a substance, when the effect passes, you have to face the same stress again, which can lead you to use again, creating a vicious cycle.

Also, think about it, when you’re drunk or high, you tend to make bad decisions, such as maxing your credit card, getting involved with someone you shouldn’t have and ruining a relationship, getting into a physical fight, and so forth. As soon as the effects of the substance go away, you have to face these situations, which, obviously, will leave you feeling more stressed.

What can you do if drugs and alcohol are affecting your mental health?

Now that you know how drugs and alcohol can affect your mental health, the next step is to reflect on your habits regarding these substances. Maybe, even if you think you are consuming them responsibly, they might be actually affecting your mental health.

Even though everyone’s mind works differently, in my experience, eliminating these substances from my life made me feel better both physically and mentally. I hope this post can help you make the best decisions for your mental health from now on.

Share your story

Have you ever had trouble with substance abuse and mental health? If you’d like to share your story, please leave a comment below. I would love to hear it.

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First published on 5/7/18, this article has been reviewed and updated, including new references.

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Hi, I am Andy! I have been 8 years sober now (almost 9!). Apart from being an entrepreneur (with an online business), I am a certified drug and alcohol counselor.

Originally published at https://thedoctorweighsin.com on December 23, 2019.

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